Blue & Turquoise Hydrogen

Updated: Dec 29, 2020

Online example shown below, based on 3 x 3-4 hour sessions.

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Course objectives – is this for you?

This time-efficient course is intended for those seeking a comprehensive, hype-free and independent perspective on the production of clean (low-carbon) hydrogen from hydrocarbon feedstocks, including natural gas, coal and biomass.

You will leave with a clearly explained, business-focused perspectives on the various technologies and processes in both hydrogen production and carbon abatement. You want to separate what is actually happening in the market from the headlines and hype, and to identify the drivers, near-term and strategic opportunities for your business. You want to evaluate the barriers to the growth of hydrogen production from hydrocarbons along with the potential competitive advantages, illustrated by examples taken from a global perspective.


Session 1: Blue & Turquoise hydrogen production

The vast majority of hydrogen today is produced from coal or gas, but without the abatement of co-produced carbon dioxide. How do 'blue' and 'turquoise' hydrogen differ?

Hydrogen via gasification and reforming (‘blue’)

  • The ‘spectrum’ of hydrogen production methods: a critical review

  • Production process inputs, outputs and key metrics

  • Steam methane reforming (SMR)

  • Partial oxidation (POX) and Auothermal reforming (ATR)

  • Gasification, including emerging methods

  • Quantifying issues of scale and scalability (understanding the key numbers)

Hydrogen via pyrolysis (‘turquoise’)

  • Production process variants, inputs, outputs and key metrics

  • Assessing the pros and cons of blue vs. turquoise hydrogen

  • Positioning turquoise hydrogen in the competitive environment

  • Utilising biomass as a feedstock for clean hydrogen: options and scalability

  • ‘BECCS’: biomass energy with carbon capture and storage as a route to ‘negative emissions’

Session 2: Carbon capture and storage (CCS)

If hydrogen production from fossil fuels is to remain an option in a world of clean hydrogen, then its fate is intrinsically linked to that of carbon capture and storage technology.

CCS technology, status and project examples

  • Capturing carbon: technologies, efficiencies and costs for hydrogen producers

  • Transporting carbon: options and infrastructure

  • Storing carbon: options, including emerging innovation

  • CCUS: examples of ‘utilisation’ as an additional alternative to (or source of) storage

  • Reviewing current carbon capture and storage worldwide: scale, locations and applications

Economics, policy and growth

  • Upcoming and recently announced CCS projects (with and without hydrogen production)

  • Industrial clustering and integrated ‘hydrogen valleys’ with CCS

  • Reviewing the policy status of CCS/CCUS

  • Carbon pricing or other policy options for driving CCS adoption

  • Examining issues of deliverability and deployment: what are the practical barriers?

Session 3: Deployment and growth strategies and challenges

In comparison to ‘green’ hydrogen from renewable power, hydrogen production from hydrocarbons will involve clear distinctions in scale, complexity and supply chain integration.

Policy & market factors

  • Clean hydrogen targets and supports: where is policy at present?

  • Assessing energy sector competitors, strategies and motivations

  • Market entry and sustainability considerations

  • Production costs, price risks and market value: examining the economic landscape facing blue and turquoise hydrogen production

  • The importance of regulatory mechanisms such as certification and guarantees of origin

Project deployment factors

  • Essential project development and deployment considerations; including land, resource access, safety, supply chain complexity and more

  • A deeper dive into integrated cluster and hydrogen hub approaches

  • Hydrogen distribution infrastructures

  • Competition between centralised and distributed hydrogen production (including ‘blue’ vs. ‘green’)

  • Summary: building a checklist for project feasibility, development and delivery

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